Benefits to having plants in your pond!
Plants add beauty to any pond, they are essential in helping create and maintain a healthy contained ecosystem in your outdoor living space.
Plants in ponds:
- Floating plants will assist in blocking excess sunlight limiting photosynthesis of algae. Also, creating overall shade which will help keep the temperatures down.
- Aquatic plants create an oxygen enriched system and shelter for any inhabitants you might add to your pond.
- Having the right kind of plants will assist as a natural filtration system for your water feature.
Different Categories of Pond Plants:
Floating Plants – This type of pond plant is free floating with its main vegetation on the surface while the roots hang down unattached to the bottom. There are some that have roots that can reach to the bottom. The benefits are that they are easy to care for, they provide plenty of shade for koi or other inhabitants. Additionally, they filter the water by removing a lot of the existing nitrogen and phosphates in the water. Some examples of these plants are Water Hyacinth, Water Lettuce, Water-clover, Water-spangle, Duckweed.
Shallow-Water Bog Plants – Also known as marginal plants this type of aquatic plant are typically planted on the edge of your pond in the shallow water. They can also create a breeding ground for fish and frogs. Some examples of these plants are Iris or Flag, Water-crowfoot, Bulrush, Cattail, Arrowhead,
Submerged Plants – Submerged plants are usually grown in pots then placed at the bottom of a pond. Also referred to as oxygenating plants this category of aquatic plants do a great job of removing excess nutrients and CO2 and add oxygen to the water. Something to remember is that certain inhabitants will eat some of these plants so proper care in protecting them is recommended. Some examples of these plants are Hornwort, Rigid Hornwort, Coontail, or Coon’s Tail, and Eel grass. Some states have made regulations on these types of plants because they are invasive, so check on the laws and regulations of your state before planting. Other types of plants are Water Lilies, they are a hardy and tropical round leaf with a flower (Lily).
Things to know when planting!
Not all plants can survive at all elevations or weather conditions. Some plants can be a food source for fish, so some precautions on protecting those plants are warranted. To reiterate some states have laws and regulations on some of these plants. With bulb plants such as an Iris multiply every year by producing new bulbs and would need to be uprooted and split apart. Knowing where all your water and electrical lines are is essential so there will not be complications. Below are growing zones that define the geographic regions where specific plants can survive.